Now we use the internet every day and ever since we have had Jio 4G we seem to have forgotten the gold old days when data was limited and the speeds were pathetic.

So let us have a look at some common terms related to Internet speeds and I also will give you some insights from my experience on factors that affect your internet speeds.

So whenever we talk about internet speeds, one of the first things that come to our mind is the ookla speed test. I am sure you folks have seen it. Here is a snapshot of a speed test I did and as I can see some people are already getting jealous.

internet speed

Anyways, so basically there are 3 things that matter here:

The Download speed

The Upload speed

The Ping

So my download speed as you can see is actually around 80 Mbps and my upload speed is around 71 Mbps.

So that should mean I will be able to download an 80 MB file in one second and upload a 70 MB file per second in 1 second as well. Right, that’s what it looks like. Well, This is where we need to wake up.

The thing is, internet speeds are actually measured in bits and our files are measured in bytes.

So when I say I have a 10 MB file, what I mean is that I have a 10 Megabyte file. And when I say I have an 80Mbps connection, what I mean is that I have an 80 Mega Bits per second. Bits and not bytes.

Now the difference between a bit and a byte is that 1 byte = 8 Bits.
So 1 Megabyte = 8 Megabits.

It’s very evident actually. Bytes are written with a capital B and bits are written with a lowercase b.

Now if I have a file, that is of 10 Megabytes, and I want to download it in 1 second, I will need to have a connection of 80 Megabits per second.

Because 80 Megabits per second would mean 10 Megabytes per second. Easy wasn’t it.

Now in case you are wondering why they measure internet speeds in bits and file sizes in bytes. What used to happen earlier was that initially internet speeds were really low and it was a complete hassle to express them in bytes.

So they started using bits per second instead of bytes per second. And now you must be wondering that internet speeds are pretty good, so why are we still using bits per second instead of bytes per second. Well, its just a convention that started earlier and isp’s never felt the need to change it.

So I guess that clears stuff about the internet speeds. Next time your ISP tells you that the internet speed will be 8 Mbps. You know that you will get only 1 MBps of Downloading speed.

What is Ping?

Next, we have ping. Now, this is something that is kind of a made for a debate topic. So basically ping means latency. It’s like the time needed for a request made by you to get a response from the server.

So I guess you know what ping is, but the reason I said its a topic of debate is because when you do a speed test the ping that is shown over there is with respect to their servers.

So ping is not a fixed thing, its like if a website’s servers are closer to your location, then your ping with that website might be less, so you can get a response from that website pretty fast which is great. But if the servers are a little far from your location, the ping is going to be more and it will be a little slow getting responses from that website no matter how fast your upload or download speeds are. So ping is actually different for different websites

Next, I want to clear a very big misconception about internet speeds. Nowadays many of you might be having a Jio Gigafiber connection.

So it actually offers a connection of 1 Gigabit per second. Converting that in terms of real files, it would be 125 Megabytes per second. So they are offering you a 125 Megabyte connection, that can let you download a 1 GB file in just 8 seconds? That’s great. But can you use that speed? I would say. Not really.

The thing is that even though you are getting that 1 Gigabit Speed generally most of us have normal routers and I actually myself have a Tplink 300 Megabit router. So even though I can get a 1 Gigabit connection, my router can only handle 300 Megabits and not just that. Just like me many of you who are using wires would be having the normal wires that can only carry 100 Megabits. So this is another bottleneck. And maybe if you are using a good quality cat6 cable, you are still only getting 300 Megabits of speed which is what Your router is giving you.

Now if you want to harness the full speed from the router, you want to have a gigabit ethernet port on your computer or a dual band wifi.
To put it in very simple terms.

If you buy a 1-gigabit connection. You will need a 1 Gigabit router. A 1 Gigabit Cable A Gigabit Ethernet or wireless port.

So you actually need to upgrade all of your devices before you can harness the full speed of the speed force.

That was all I had to explain about the internet speeds to you guys. Also, most of you must be having some really fast youtube and play store experiences and actually there is a reason behind it. So if you want to know the reason behind that, let me know and I will write an article on it. Or there is anything else that you want me to write on just drop it in the comments section.

You can follow me and mobisium on twitter for regular tech updates and if you have any queries or suggestions, drop it in the comments section and I’ll be there for you.